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Sound Technology

Unprecedented Natural Reproduction of the Rich Expressive Power and Resonance of an Acoustic Piano

Simulating the Delightfully Delicate Reverberation and Rounded Resonance Associated with Pianos

Multi-dimensional Morphing AiR Sound Source

The characteristics of CASIO’s newly developed Multi-dimensional Morphing AiR * Sound Source reflect thorough attention to detail in expressing the rich, resonating tones inherent to the piano. The capacity of the installed memory has been expanded to achieve a longer sampling duration and enhanced waveform data quality. The temporal changes in tone that create sound you would expect only from a piano, beginning with the initial sound and leading into a beautiful extension until the sound eventually vanishes, are reproduced naturally. Even the length of the reverberation can be controlled at will by the player by adjustments in touch, as with an acoustic piano. Seamless variations that respond continuously to the power behind each stroke, not only in terms of volume but also in terms of the nuances of the sound itself, range from a fine, gentle ppp (pianississimo) to an intense, powerful fff (fortississimo). All 88 keys in corporate a stereo resonance simulator, more over, that reproduces the string sounds of a grand piano remarkably realistically. The pleasure of listening to acoustic changes can be obtained by opening the grand piano-like lid installed on high-end models (PX-860), which place a particular focus on sound output quality. These developments represent an unprecedented evolution of the digital piano’s expressive power in the areas of both sound and resonance.

  • * AiR = Acoustic and Intelligent Resonator

Even temporal tonal changes are reproduced naturally.

New sampling technology pursuing the ultimate expressive power of an acoustic piano

[Higher Capacity Memory]

New sound source memory
Sound source memory expanded
to reproduce original sounds
more naturally!

The acoustic level achieved by a digital piano is determined by the capacity of the memory that stores sounds after sampling. A new high-capacity memory, boasting a capacity in excess of approximately three times our previous models (converted linearly), is installed for the Multi-dimensional Morphing AiR Sound Source. The waveform data sampling capacity has increased dramatically, enabling natural reproduction of the delicate changes in waveforms associated with concert grand pianos. The sound quality and resonance have achieved astonishing evolution, realizing an ability to produce simultaneous sounds comprising up to 256 notes in high-end models (PX-5S, PX-860).

[Lossless Audio Compression]

Digital pianos normally compress and record sound waveform data in their built-in memory. This data is then expanded and played back when recalled. As in the case of compressed audio data such as MP3, therefore, the played-back sound simply cannot avoid deterioration with respect to the original sound. But the advanced Lossless Audio Compression technology adopted for CASIO’s Multi-dimensional Morphing AiR Sound Source has made it possible to reproduce sounds without this deterioration of the original sound quality. This permits enjoyment of musical performances with acoustics that are immeasurably closer to natural piano sounds.

88-key stereo resonance simulator reproducing a deep acoustic piano resonance

88-key stereo resonance simulator structure The resonating string combinations differ with the strings struck

[String Resonance]

The sound produced by an acoustic piano is not only the sound associated with the keys that are struck. Other strings with frequencies closely associated with those producing the sounds resonate as well, adding their sound to give the music a uniquely rich resonance. In ordinary digital pianos, this string resonance effect is reproduced virtually with strings. The Multi-dimensional Morphing AiR Sound Source takes a different approach, however, by adopting a String Resonance system incorporating a stereo resonance simulator for all 88 keys. The resonance of the 88 keys is reproduced completely and naturally. The resonance realized by playing a single tone is differentiated from that realized by playing a chord to reproduce the resulting variations in resonance in a natural manner. This even enables players to achieve varying resonances, controlling them at will by the strength of their touch, and thus to realize performances with the unique expressiveness of an acoustic piano.

  • * PX-5S and PX-860 only

[Openable Top Board Design]

The external designs of the PX-860 model feature a lid on top that can be opened and closed. Opening the lid enables the pianist to play music with abundant dispersed sound, much like that produced by a grand piano with its lid open.

  • * PX-860 only

[Equalizing technology]

With an acoustic piano, the strings’ vibrations are amplified by the soundboard, generating sound from throughout the instrument. CASIO's new equalizing system imparts a unique sensation of three-dimensional depth and creates a natural sound space. It represents yet another advance in the pursuit of optimal sound and playing pleasure.

[Damper Resonance *1 ]

The deep, beautiful resonance resulting from the use of a damper pedal is also reproduced naturally by a stereo resonance simulator installed on all 88 keys, an approach that differs from conventional simulated reproduction employing effect processing. The attention to detail goes so far as to simulate the resonance created by the lifting of the dampers themselves when the pedal is pressed. A continuously variable system *2 has been adopted for the damper pedal, moreover, reproducing even the subtle changes in reverberation that occur in response to the delicate pressure exerted by partial pedal operation. This enables players to employ pedal operation to achieve gracefully expressive performances.

  • *1 PX-860 models offer 4 adjustment levels. PX-5S model offers 16 adjustment levels.
  • *2 PX-860 only

[Lid Simulator * ]

The volume and timbre of sound produced by a grand piano change depending on the degree to which the lid is open or closed. The Lid Simulator simulates these acoustic effects digitally. Pianists can select among four settings for opening and closing stages and enjoy playing music with the piano sound effect of their choice.

  • * PX-860 only
  • * The PX-5S's Lid Simulator serves as a DSP.
  • * The Lid Simulator setting value remains unchanged, regardless of whether the lid on the piano body is open or closed.

The 4 stages of a grand piano’s lid opening and closing have been investigated and imitated.

Keyboard System

[Tri-sensor Scaled Hammer Action Keyboard II]

The difference between the sound structures of a grand piano and a digital piano appears as a difference in timing, from the moment the instrument is played until the sound is audible. The new Tri-sensor Scaled Hammer Action Keyboard II responds by incorporating a system with three sensors that detect keystrokes sequentially. This permits minute variations in the time between detection of a keystroke and sound production, depending on the speed of the keystroke. The sensor system also enables a sound to be produced continuously, even when the key has not fully returned to its resting position, a feature assuring excellent playability when the same note is struck repeatedly. Also as in a grand piano, moreover, the action mechanism relies solely on the weight of the hammer, with absolutely no springs employed, thus providing both a definite playing response and a smooth touch. The keys become progressively heavier as the sound becomes lower and progressively lighter as the sound becomes higher, faithfully simulating this characteristic of a grand piano.

Striking a key raises the hammer, and the sensors are then pushed up in turn.

[Hammer Response]

The sizes of the hammers that strike the strings differ among the various key blocks in a grand piano. The sounding timing consequently varies subtly, even when keys are struck with the same strength. The new keyboard system carefully reproduces these differences in sound production timing from one register to another. It even simulates the differences in sound production timing according to the force with which a key is struck.

The sizes of the hammers that strike the strings differ among key blocks.

[Key Off Simulator * ]

The lengths of the reverberations and expressions a piano produces vary depending on the speed at which players release their fingers after touching the keys. The new keyboard system incorporates a Key Off Simulator that reproduces these nuances resulting from key release naturally. Authentic reverberations that feel just like those of a grand piano are expressed as a result.

  • * PX-5S, PX-860 only

Key Off Simulator reproducing tonal variations resulting from finger release

[Simulated Ebony and Ivory Keys]

The simulated ebony and ivory keys offer the luxurious feel and texture as well as the smooth touch of a grand piano keyboard. The minutely detailed crimp surface finish inhibits finger slippage due to sweat and gives the sensation of a perfect fingertip fit, even when playing for extended periods.


High-level performance functions that enhance playing pleasure

[Hall Simulator]

The Hall Simulator function simulates the differing acoustic characteristics of world-famous concert halls, from pure reverberation with outstanding tonal transparency to free-spirited, dazzling reverberation. An advanced equalizing system assures the pianist’s full enjoyment of vital piano sound.

  • * PX-860 only

[Concert Play]

High-quality audio data recordings of 10 live orchestra performances are installed. Pianists can play along with the recordings and enjoy the feeling of participating in a magnificent performance. Musical scores of the concerts are bundled.

  • * PX-860 and PX-760 only

Various functions supporting lessons and performances

[Recording Functions]

Pianists can choose one of two recording functions, an audio recorder or a MIDI recorder, depending on their purpose.

Audio Recorder

Pianists can use the audio recorder to record their own performances on USB flash memory (sold separately).Since the recording employs the WAV file data format, performances can be played back*1 with CD sound quality on either the instrument itself or another device such as a PC, audio system or portable music player. * Playback possible on WAV file compatible devices.

  • * PX-5S, PX-860, PX-780M and PX-350M only

MIDI Recorder

Pianists can also use the piano’s built-in memory to record their performances. The MIDI recorder supports recording of separate tracks, allowing pianists to complete compositions that are difficult to play with both hands by recording the right-hand segment first and then recording the left-hand segment on top of it.

  • * What is MIDI?
  • The letters MIDI stand for Musical Instrument Digital Interface, which is the name of a worldwide standard for digital signals and connectors that makes it possible to exchange musical data between musical instruments and computers (machines) produced by different manufacturers.

[Layer and Split]

The layer function enables pianists to overlap two types of tones, while the split function lets them separate tones into lower and higher blocks.

  • * Except model PX-5S

[Duet Mode]

The keys to the left and right of center on the keyboard can be set to the same tonal range. This Duet Mode is convenient when two players, such as a parent and child or a teacher and student, practice together.

  • * Except model PX-5S

[Metronome Function]

The metronome comes in handy when practicing the piano.

  • * Except model PX-5S

[ Music Library ]

A variety of built-in musical pieces can be played back for either listening pleasure or use in piano lessons. (Except models PX-5S and PX-350M. Collection of musical scores bundled. * )

  • * Some musical scores may not be included due to copyright issues.

[ Operation Lock ]

The operation lock feature is used to lock the button operations to prevent unintentional setting changes.

[ Auto Power Off ]

Auto power off is a practical feature that prevents wasteful electricity consumption by shutting down the power automatically when no operation has been conducted for a certain period of time.

  • * Illustrations and graphs are conceptual images for reference purposes only.

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